PS: Prof. Katz has reminded me that the UK Bill that led up to the monumental 1911 UK legislation and which included the fair dealing provision for the first time mentioned explicitly only 4 purposes: private study, research, criticism, review. “Newspaper summary” was added in committee because the British newspapers requested it, naturally, because they were concerned that, without it, it would be more difficult for them to produce newspapers. “Newspaper summary” was later considered as potentially too narrow, which is why, in Canada, we changed the term to “news reporting” in 1997. That clearly includes broadcast media, and not simply newspapers. The Canadian media apparently then didn’t think that fair dealing was “theft” or “stealing”. One important newspaper, the Toronto Star, even won one of the most important fair dealing copyright cases in Canada at that time, which involved the copying of the entire front cover page of a magazine that featured a picture of the then prominent politician Sheila Copps on a motorcycle that was used in an article about Sheila Copps. That was the case of Allen v. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd., 1997 CanLII 16254 (ON SC). Also, see Prof. Katz’s Chapter entitled Fair Use 2.0: The Rebirth of Fair Dealing in Canada from the book edited by Michael Geist on the “Pentalogy”.
(rev. October 16, 2014)
Here's the follow up with Ezra Levant and Prof. Ariel Katz on s. 45 of the Competition Act and six citizen complaints, etc.